The history of Ajwa dates in Islam (hadith)

The datas ajwa are highly valued by Muslims for being mentioned in hadith, giving it a special place in Islam.

Until the Day of Resurrection, they will have a competitive advantage that can never be achieved: that of being a remedy derived from prophetic medicine and that will forever benefit humans.

Let's discover the unique history of the date ajwa as well as its mentions in Islam.

The special history of the Ajwa date

What makes the ajwa date so unique is that it was planted by the hand of the Prophet Mohamed ﷺ. This gives it a unique blessing in the world.

This has the advantage of having no end, since this blessing will last until the end of time.

Sheikh Ibn Baz, may Allah have mercy on him, teaches us that this blessing applies to all varieties of dates growing in Medina in accordance with the hadith:

[ He who lunches in the morning with seven dates] "of what grows within Medina," [will not be affected by poison until evening.]

Current origins of the Ajwa date

The Ajwa date is still present in the city of Medina. There's no need for it to have an AOP (Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée), because datte ajwa directly means they originate in Medina.

A few years ago, I heard stories of some people trying to plant ajwa dates in other countries in an attempt to make new plantings.

They had been planted in Israel and the USA. Today, there is no further news of these projects.

At the same time, whoever is planting ajwa dates in other countries is trying to make new plantings.

At the same time, who could claim to be able to replicate what the Prophet ﷺ did on other lands?

If you wish to purchase ajwa dates, it will be a matter of carefully observing that they come from Medina.

Hadiths that mention ajwa dates in Islam

In Islam, the ajwa date is mentioned in several sources. All of them being hadith, here are the most famous ones.

Hadith on the quantity of ajwa dates to eat

The first is the one explaining how to consume ajwa:

According to Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas (may Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet ﷺ said:

"Whoever lunches in the morning with 7 dates al Ajwa, no sorcery and no poison will be able to harm him during that day"

Hadith reported by Bukhari in his Sahih n°5769 and Mouslim in his Sahih n°2047.

The hadith on the healing of the ajwa date

The other equally famous hadith mentions the ajwa date's potential to be used as a natural remedy in many ways:

It is also reported that according to Aicha, the Prophet's wife (may Allah be pleased with her), that the Prophet ﷺ said, "In the ajwa date, there is certainly healing and antidote if it is eaten early in the morning."

Hadith reported by Muslim in his Sahih no. 2048.

Other hadith on dates

There are many other hadith mentioning dates, without the name ajwa dates being made explicit.

Scholars have explained that for some, with discrepancy, that it was however this variety given that it was the one eaten by the Prophet ﷺ.

The best types of dates

For example, we find the order in which the date is best:

Anas رضي الله عنه reports that Allah's Messenger ﷺ used to break the fast with a few fresh dates before performing the prayer: "If there were no fresh dates (routab), he would take dry dates (tamr); and if there were none either, he would drink a few sips of water[4]."

Authentic Hadith reported by Abu Daoud and At Tirmidhi.

Breaking the fast and dates

There is yet another hadith dealing with breaking the fast with dates, with a clarification of the "why":

Salman Ben Amer رضي الله عنه reports that the Prophet ﷺ said, "If any of you wish to break the fast, let him do so with dates because they are a blessing, and if he does not find dates, let him break the fast with water because it is a purification."

Authentic Hadith reported by Imams Abu-Daoud and at-Tirmidhi.

Dates and hunger

Indirectly related are ahadith, again on dates and on the subject of "hunger":

He ﷺ said on this subject, "A house where there are no dates is a house whose inhabitants are hungry."

Reported by Ahmad, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, ibn Majah. See Sahih al Jami' as-Saghir.

Another hadith still on this subject of hunger:

Similarly, she رضي الله عنه says: "The Prophet ﷺ died and we still had to appease our hunger only the two things: dates and water[10].

Hadith reported by Imam Muslim.

And another; still on the same subject:

The Prophet's wife Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said, "Sometimes we, the family of Muhammad, would go a month without making a fire (for cooking) since we had only dates and water (for all sustenance)"

Hadith reported by Imam Muslim.

Good deeds and dates

The hadith below deals with the importance of good deeds, not the ajwa date:

Adi Ibn Hatem رضي الله عنه reports the Prophet ﷺ said, "Shelter yourselves from the Fire if only by a piece of date. He who has none, by a good word."[2]

Reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim, riyad as-salihin n°405.

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